London is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom. It is the most populous region, urban zone and metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames, it has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.
London is a global cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and its 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. It has a diverse range of peoples and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken within Greater London. In 2013, the region had an official population of over 8 million.