Leongatha is a town in the foothills of the Strzelecki Ranges, South Gippsland Shire, Victoria, located 135 kilometres south-east of Melbourne. The town is the civic, commercial, industrial, religious, educational and sporting centre of the region. At the 2006 census, Leongatha had a population of only 4,504. The Mechanics' Institute now houses the Leongatha and District Historical Society but has had many prior uses, including housing the Municipal Library. The Mechanics Institute building remains, beside the Town Hall, which was also a cinema in the 1950s.